Research on the predictive implication of E.I. over I.Q. was spurred by an initial publication on the subject which claimed that emotional intelligence may be “as potent, and at times more potent, than I.Q.
What The Facts Are
Much of this claim was founded on preceding research revealing that the predictive nature of I.Q. on job performance wasn’t promising, with I.Q. Reporting from 10-25% of the variance in job performance.
The results of longitudinal fields of study further implicated emotional intelligence as being significant. One field of study involving 450 boys reported that I.Q. had little relation to work and personal success; rather, more crucial in determining their success was their power to handle frustration, control emotions, and get along with other people. Although this field of study didn’t attend to emotional intelligence straight off, the elements which it handled (the power to regulate one’s emotions and comprehend the emotions of other people) are a few of the central tenants of the emotional intelligence concept.
Although research exists supporting the argument that emotional intelligence does lend to individual cognitive-based performance over and above the level ascribed to general intelligence , present theories tend to be more sensible regarding the incremental benefits of E.Q. over I.Q. Studies emphasize that emotional intelligence by itself is likely not a strong forecaster of job performance. Rather, it supplies a foundation for emotional competencies which are strong predictors of job performance.
Later works, attempt to theoretically clear up the relationship between I.Q. and E.Q., and their respective pertinence to job performance. I.Q. plays a sorting function, determining the sorts of jobs people are capable of holding. I.Q. is a solid predictor of what jobs people may enter as well as a solid forecaster of success among the general population in general. For instance, in order to become a physician, an person needs an above average I.Q. Emotional intelligence, on the other hand, is described as a solid predictor of who will excel in a specific line of work when levels of I.Q. are comparatively equivalent.
When the people are being compared to a narrow pool of individuals in a specific line of work in a particular organization, specifically in the higher levels, the predictive power of I.Q. for outstanding performance among them de-escalates greatly. In that circumstance, E.Q. would be the stronger forecaster of people who outperform other people.
Thus, the physicians in a specific clinic would all have similarly above average I.Q.’s. What would distinguish the most successful physicians from the others would be their levels of emotional intelligence.
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