Numerous measures of emotional intelligence utilized in scientific research, especially those sold for utilization in industrial and organizational settings, are not based on any of the aforementioned theories of emotional intelligence.
2 of these measures: the Levels of Emotional Awareness Scale and the Self-Report Emotional Intelligence Test are described here.
How It’s Measured
The Levels of Emotional Awareness Scale is a self-report measure of emotional intelligence specified to assess the extent to which individuals are aware of emotions in both themselves and other people.
The measure is based on a hierarchical theory of emotional intelligence, more specifically of emotional cognizance, which consists of 5 sub-levels: physical sensations, action inclinations, single emotions, blends of emotion, and blends of these blends of emotional experience. The Levels of Emotional Awareness Scale consists of twenty scenarios involving 2 individuals and an emotion-eliciting position.
The participant must indicate how they’d feel in the situation and how the other individual in the scenario would feel in the situation. Each scenario gets a score from 0-5 . The participant gets a score for self (awareness of emotions in oneself), for other (awareness of emotion in other people), and a total emotional awareness score (a mean of self and other).
The Levels of Emotional Awareness Scale was determined to be related to two subscales of emotional intelligence: perceiving emotions in stories and estimating feelings of characters in struggle. An independent review concluded that it’s only if minimally related to emotional intelligence and would more precisely be classified as a measure of processing style instead of ability.
The Self Report Emotional Intelligence Test is a thirty-three item self-report measure of emotional intelligence. Initially based on early writings on emotional intelligence by Mayer and Salovey, this test has been picked apart for not properly mapping onto the Salovey and Mayer model of E.I. and thus measuring another concept of emotional intelligence.
Participants are asked to signal their reactions to items reflecting adaptive tendencies towards emotional intelligence according to a 5-point scale, with “1” representing firm agreement and “5” representing firm disagreement.
As mentioned, independent reviewers found a lack of content validness. However, the authors report content validity as being passable, with the thirty-three items.
The results of longitudinal fields of study further implicated emotional intelligence as being significant. One field of study involving 450 boys reported that I.Q. had little relation to work and personal success; rather, more crucial in determining their success was their power to handle frustration, control emotions, and get along with other people. Although this field of study didn’t attend to emotional intelligence straight off, the elements which it handled (the power to regulate one’s emotions and comprehend the emotions of other people) are a few of the central tenants of the emotional intelligence concept.
Although research exists supporting the argument that emotional intelligence does lend to individual cognitive-based performance over and above