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Category Archives: Neuroscience News

The Neural Basis of Choice and Decision Making | Journal of Neuroscience

The Neural Basis of Choice and Decision Making Decision making refers to the ability of humans and other animals to choose between competing courses of action based on the relative value of their consequences. This capacity is, therefore, fundamentally integrative, melding the complex cognitive processes through which causal relations between actions and consequences are encoded, […]

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RNA Storage in Neurons Contributes to Brain Plasticity

The brain shows a remarkable ability to adapt to environmental stimuli that is critical to the process of learning and memory. This flexibility is attributable in part to rapid modifications of neuronal structure and function. A recent study has illuminated how these rapid changes take place, involving the storage of a readily releasable pool of […]

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Best and Worst of Neuroscience and Neurology – May 2017

What is genetic basis of our intelligence? How to stimulate deep areas of the brain? How to prevent Alzheimer’s disease?  How to slash the cost of treatment of multiple sclerosis? These are some of the questions highlighted in this monthly review of research literature. As usual, while we answer some questions, research studies also dispel […]

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The Neuroanatomy of Gossips

We talk a lot. We are the only species on the planet that exchange information predominantly through talking. Other species, such as dolphins or primates, have their own languages, but they do not rely on verbal communication to the same degree, almost to the exclusion of other communication channels, as we do. Verbal communication is […]

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Best and Worst of Neuroscience and Neurology – April 2017

The number of neuroscience publications steadily grows over the years. In 2006, around 27,000 paper on this subject were published, while in 2015 this number went up to almost 37,000. This is a seriously big increase that reflects the importance of brain science and the growing interest in this field of research. The selection of […]

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Does High Testosterone Mean Low Empathy?

Empathy is defined as the ability to understand the feelings, emotions, and perspective of another person.  Empathy is critical for healthy social interactions, and impairments in empathy contribute to disorders of social interaction such as autism and psychopathy. Women score higher on tests of empathy than men, leading researchers to examine a potential role for […]

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Motor Neurons – Why Are They Important and How Are They Made?

Motor neurons are the nerve cells in the body responsible for controlling movement.  A number of diseases are caused by damage to motor neurons, including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and spinal muscular atrophy (SMA).  In order to treat these diseases, scientists are developing methods to generate new, healthy motor neurons from stem cells. A recent […]

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Humanlike Ways of Thinking Evolved 1.8 Million Years Ago

A new study places the appearance of modern humanlike cognition at the emergence of Homo erectus 1.8 million years ago, 600 years before the appearance of Neanderthals. The post Humanlike Ways of Thinking Evolved 1.8 Million Years Ago appeared first on Neuroscience News.

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HIV Medications Linked to Increase in Alzheimer’s Disease Protein

A class of drugs called protease inhibitors have been lifesaving for people with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). However, these medications come with a long list of side effects that may include impairments in cognitive function. How protease inhibitors might cause cognitive side effects has remained a mystery for some time. New research from the […]

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Targeting Alzheimer’s: New Unorthodox Approaches

Alzheimer’s disease affects an estimated 5 million individuals in the US and causes a devastating loss of cognitive function due to the buildup of beta-amyloid and tau proteins in the brain. Previous efforts to combat this disease have focused on developing drugs that target beta-amyloid, but such treatments have been unsuccessful in patients so far. […]

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