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Basics of Emotional Intelligence

The pure theory of emotional intelligence mixes key thoughts from the fields of intelligence and emotion. From intelligence theory comes the principle that intelligence involves the capacity to accomplish abstract reasoning.

From emotion research comes the belief that emotions are signals that carry regular and discernable meanings about relationships and that at a number of common emotions are universal.

They propose that people vary in their power to process data of an emotional nature and in their power to relate emotional processing to a wider knowledge. They then postulate that this power is seen to manifest itself in particular adaptive behaviors.

This conception of emotional intelligence is based inside a model of intelligence, that is, it endeavors to define emotional intelligence inside the confines of the standard measures for a new intelligence.

It proposes that emotional intelligence is constituted of 2 areas: experiential (power to perceive, react, and manipulate emotional data without necessarily understanding it) and strategic (power to comprehend and manage emotions without necessarily comprehending feelings well or fully experiencing them).

Each area is additionally divided into 2 branches that range from basic psychological processes to more complex procedures integrating emotion and cognition.

The 1st branch, emotional perception, is the power to be self-aware of emotions and to expresses feelings and emotional needs accurately to other people. Emotional perception likewise includes the power to distinguish between honest and dishonest expressions of emotion.

The 2nd branch, emotional assimilation, is the power to distinguish among the different emotions one is feeling and to distinguish those that are influencing their thought processes.

The 3rd branch, emotional understanding, is the power to comprehend complex emotions (like feeling two emotions at a time) and the power to recognize transitions from one to the other. Finally, the 4th branch, emotion management, is the power to connect or disconnect from an emotion depending upon its usefulness in a given state of affairs.

Every theoretical paradigm conceptualizes emotional intelligence from one of 2 perspectives: ability or mixed model. Ability models regard emotional intelligence as a pure sort of mental ability and thus as a pure intelligence.

In counterpoint, mixed models of emotional intelligence combine mental power with personality characteristics like optimism and well-being.

Currently, the sole ability model of emotional intelligence is that proposed by Mayer and Salovey. 2 mixed models of emotional intelligence have been offered, each inside a somewhat different conception.

One within the context of personality theory, emphasizing the co-dependence of the ability facets of emotional intelligence with personality traits and their application to personal well-being.

In contrast, a mixed model in terms of performance, integrating an individual’s abilities and personality and utilizing their corresponding effects on performance in the workplace has been proposed.

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